CFS Macro Citroen Traction Avant
CFS Macro Citroen Traction Avant. CFS Version of a WWII ground vehicle. The Citro n Traction Avant is an automobile which was produced by the French manufacturer Citro n from 1934 to 1957. About 760, 000 units were produced. This macro is a french Citroen Traction Avant, in service as staff car of german Wehrmacht. The Traction Avant, French for front wheel drive, was designed by Andr Lef bvre and Flaminio Bertoni in late 1933 early 1934. While not the first production front wheel drive car Alvis built the 1928 FWD in the UK, Cord produced the L29 from 1929 to 1932 in the United States and DKW the F1 in 1931 in Germany it was the worlds first front-wheel drive steel monocoque production car. Along with DKWs 1930s models, the Traction successfully pioneered front-wheel drive on the European
Show more... mass car market. The Traction Avants structure was a welded monocoque (unitized body). Most other cars of the era were based on a separate frame (chassis) onto which the non-structural body (coachwork) was built. Monocoque construction (also called Unit Body or Unibody in the US today) results in a lighter vehicle, and is now used for virtually all car construction, although body-on-frame construction remains suitable for larger vehicles such as trucks. This method of construction was viewed with great suspicion in many quarters, with doubts about its strength. A type of crash test was conceived, taking the form of driving the car off a cliff, to illustrate its great inherent resilience. The novel design made the car very low-slung relative to its contemporaries the Traction Avant always possessed a unique look, which went from appearing rakish in 1934 to familiar and somewhat old fashioned by 1955. In September 1939 France declared war on Germany and in June 1940 the German army rapidly invaded and occupied Northern France. The war years were characterised by a desperate shortage of raw materials for civilian industry and of petrol, but these factors were not apparent instantly. The Paris Motor Show scheduled for October 1939 was cancelled at short notice, but Citro n s own planned announcements had involved the forthcoming 2CV model rather than any significant changes to the Traction. For the Traction, the last normal year in terms of production levels was 1939, and 8, 120 of the 2910mm wheelbase 1628cc engined 7C models were produced. This tumbled to 1, 133 in 1940, which was the first year when the plant suffered serious air-raid damage on this occasion caused by a German attack on 3 June 1940. Production of the cars was suspended in June 1941, by when a further 154 had been produced in the six month period just ended. The 7C would continue to appear in Citro n price-lists until March 1944, but production of this smaller engined 7CV version of the Traction was not resumed after the war. For the more powerful 1911cc engined 11 B-light models, the equivalent figures were 27, 473 units produced in 1939, 4, 415 in 1940 and 2, 032 for 1941, though for this model production in 1941 ended only in November 1941 so the figure for that year represents 11 months of production. In 1945 production restarted only slowly. the 11 B-light reappeared very little changed from the 1941 cars except that headlight surrounds were now painted rather than finished in chrome. By the end of December 1945 the year s production had reached 1, 525. Currency depreciation is evident from the car s listed price which had been 26, 800 francs in January 1940, and had risen to 110, 670 francs in October 1945. In 1945 the car was the only model available from Citro n, and as another sign of the times, customers not able to supply their own tires were charged an additional 9, 455 francs for a set of five. In May 1946, presumably reflecting an easing of the war-time tire shortage, the car could at last be purchased with tires at no extra cost, but by now the overall price of an 11 B-light had risen to 121, 180 francs. The 11 B-normal model, differentiated from the 11 B-light by its 3090mm wheelbase, experienced a similar drop off in volumes between 1939 and 1941, with just 341 cars produced during the first seven months of 1941. After the war, a single 11 B-normal was produced in 1946, in time to be presented at the October 1946 Paris Motor Show. production built up during 1947, but during the car s ten year post-war period the shorter 11 B-light would, in France, continue to outsell the 11 B-normal. Initially the French army lacked enthusiasm for the Citro n Traction, believing that it offered insufficient ground-clearance for their needs. Nevertheless, by September 1939 roughly 250 had found their way into military service. With losses of cars at the frontier mounting, Citro n supplied a further 570 to the army between February and May 1940, and subsequent deliveries probably took place before military defeat intervened. During the war many of the cars were reregistered with WH.. . (Wehrmacht Heer Army command) license plates, having been requisitioned by the German Army. These gave reliable service both in France and further afield, notably in Libya and Stalingrad. Tractions were also favoured by the Resistance, and as occupation gave way to Liberation they turned up all over France with FFI inscribed proudly on their doors. I have created this api macro with Easy Object Designer (EOD), Version 2. 0. 47 (Matthias Br ckner), to generate three static Citroen Traction Avant, used by Wehrmacht on WWII. This macro was tested only in CFS1 sceneries, but I believe that can work without problems in CFS2-3 and FS2000-2002. All mine API macros, could be included on objects libraries with crash detection (for CFS missions), but must be distributed with the original API-MACRO copyright. Edmundo Abad Santiago-Chile August 2012 Show less...